After the migration of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and his companions to Medina, the Muslims of Makkah had a strong desire for Hajj and Umrah. However, circumstances did not help them. They had to leave Makkah and settle in Medina because of the problematic situation created by the infidels and their clans. Around Mecca, Arabs indulged in idolatry and refused to accept the truth and light of Islam. As a result, Prophet Muhammad SAW and the Muslims fled Mecca in 622 and made Medina their second home. The people of Medina (Ansar) welcomed their Meccan brethren with open arms and shared all that they had.

When did Muslims decide to visit Makkah?

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) already knew that Muslims were eager to visit Mecca and perform the Hajj and Umrah. Of course, there was also the desire to see his homeland. 628 was the year Prophet Muhammad finally decided to leave Medina to perform Umrah. About 1,400 people followed him. When the people of Makkah heard that Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) was marching with many Muslims.

So, they feared that the Muslims would attack Makkah and the disbelievers. So, when Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) arrived on the outskirts of Makkah. He sent a messenger to the Meccans to set things right. He did not want the infidels to suspect the Muslims were traveling. It was because the Muslims had come to Makkah for a very sacred purpose and wanted to settle the matter peacefully for the benefit of both parties.

Madinah al-Munawara

Medina al-Munawara, known as the “City of the Prophet of Allah (S.A.W.)” and the “City of Light,” is the second holiest site in all of Islam and Saudi Arabia. Another name for this sacred site is Madinat al-Nabi, and it’s in the western Saudi Arabian province of Hijaz. Medina is the second holiest site, and thousands of pilgrims visit it from all over the world as part of their pilgrimage to the Holy Land.

  • After receiving the Messenger, the pagans, after much deliberation, finally decided not to allow the Muslims to enter the city. 
  • The Muslims were not allowed to make Umrah that year and were told to return the following year and sign the A.
  • Treaty and agreement on Umrah between Muslims and nonbelievers. 
  • The agreement between the two parties is historically famous as the Treaty of Hudaibiya.


There were many things in this agreement about the peaceful life of Muslims and infidels. The two tribes had a ten-year contract to maintain peace. Muslims could not enter Mecca, and they had to return that year. But they will return next year, and the infidels would clear the way so that Muslims could perform Hajj and Umrah and worship in peace.

The agreement was made to avoid bloodshed between the two sides but was dissolved two years later when one of Makkah’s allied tribes attacked an Islamist tribe and killed some of its members. Since the agreement’s primary purpose was to avoid bloodshed, there was no reason to continue the contract after the killings.

Muslims had Become a Powerful Force.

By this time, the Muslims had become a powerful force. In 630, the Prophet Muhammad, on the advice of his companions and, of course, the will of Allah Almighty decided to attack Mecca. He marched toward Mecca with an army of 10,000 men. In December, he prepared an expedition of Abu Qatada ibn Rabi al-Ansari to divert attention from his goal of confronting Mecca. 

  • He led a group of Muslims and sent eight soldiers to the parade during the time of Medium.
  • During this trip, one Muslim killed another Muslim accidentally
  • The Holy Qur’an, Chapter 4, verse 94, makes it clear that in light of this incident, Muslims need to be more careful when fighting for Allah to minimize the possibility of accidental death.
  • When the Muslims arrived in Makkah, the chiefs of the Quraysh tribe thought that they could not stand against the Muslims, and the dubious tribal leaders surrendered.

They had a fear that they would soon conquer them. But Prophet Muhammad S.A.W. was a merciful man, and as befitted his character. He apologized to all those who were no longer willing to fight the Muslims. After entering Mecca and receiving his inheritance, he said. “There is no sin on you today. Allah Almighty forgives you. You may go”.

Proclamation of the Last Messenger

Prophet Muhammad S.A.W. exempted even the most ardent enemies of Islam and Muslims and established a safe and peaceful life. The proclamation of the last Messenger S.A.W. stunned many who feared the end of punishment, and some of them became convinced of the breadth of the religion and became Muslims.

Only one thing turned a conquest full of fear, terror, and bloodshed into a victory of mercy, peace, and bloodlessness. This act ended years of war and restored peace between Muslims and nonbelievers. Muslim can perform hajj peacefully by taking shifting hajj package from Dua travels. It is the only one agency that provides you with the cheapest Hajj and Umrah packages from Uk.

Final Words

This Muslim victory, known as the “Meccan Succession,” remains an exemplary example of ending a conflict without bloodshed. Prophet Muhammad Saul could have retaliated according to Arab tradition, and his religion would have permitted retaliation of equal strength, but he chose to absolve himself of guilt. This conflict was an important event in the history of Islam because it was the beginning of the establishment of Islam in the Arabian Peninsula and the spreading of the light of Islam.